Tài liệu xemina khoa học bằng tiếng Anh (21/10/2019)



Living a hectic life, people are caught up in the flow of money and fame, which is make them foget the true value of life. Health plays an incredible role of life, having a good health, we get all; loosing health, it means loosing all.

A good health is including physical health and mental health. When your body is healthy, it means the ability of the muscles to be strong, push, pull, lift … thus doing the work of limbs comfortably like carrying, controlling machines, use tools. Besides, a person has a good health, he will have a lucid head. They focus on working, studying, have a good memory and high energy.

How to have a good health? It’s a question that has lasted for thousands of years since people became aware. However, until now, not everyone know the proper method to stay healthy. The father of Hippocrates also said, “Let food be your medicine”, there is no valuable and effective medicine by choosing carefully, smartly the foods that you and your family Daily consumption. Besides that, we should not be subjective to the effects that spiritual joys bring to health. When you are optimistic, happy, positive thinking, our body will release healthy hormones, even the hormones secreted when you are happy can also actively support in treating the disease.

To sum up, health is the most important, invaluable asset. Money, material … will help each individual’s life become more prosperous and full but does not mean it will guarantee you a good health.




Luong Thi Thuy Nga

Currently, the hostile forces do not from plotting, any tricks to depose idol Ho Chi Minh. Identifying properly and proposing solutions to fight to defeat the conspiracy, their tricks are the political responsibility, urgent demand of the entire Party, the entire people and our army.

1. Subjects, content, forces and tricks against sabotage

The subjects, who are reactionary, anti-communist forces, organizations and individuals that react to Vietnamese people in foreign countries, subjects of opportunity, political dissatisfaction, distorted perception or because of their name , mercenary in the country. Their goal, in order to eliminate the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the socialist regime, create a bourgeois polity. Some people who are officials, party members, artists, journalists, intellectuals, etc. have deteriorated in political thought, morality, lifestyle, gatherings in illegal organizations, and go against their rights. benefits of the Party and people, even turn themselves into "democratic" puppets to fight against aggression. Sadly, a small part of the people, due to their light and gullible nature, was manipulated, motivated by political reactionary forces, political dissatisfaction and agitation, following anti-sabotage activities.

Anti-sabotage content, they distort, smear about Ho Chi Minh's status, career, and thoughts; Ho Chi Minh said that Ho Chi Minh had an unclear biography, low morality, was not a thinker, if any, then it was the nationalist extremist ideology, not the nature, even opposed to the owner. Marxist-Leninist meaning, theory, dogma, etc. They distort and destroy the direct legacy that Ho Chi Minh left, from the ideology - the cause of national liberation, to the socialist revolution, to the values ​​and guidelines of the Communist Party of Vietnam. about studying and following his ideas, morals and styles.

Anti-sabotage tactics, they erect stories, fabricate documents, deny Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality, and scientific research projects at home and abroad about Ho Chi Minh; distort, mutilate, distort the truth about him; equate phenomenon with nature, real with false;… At the same time, the extreme opposition between Ho Chi Minh's thought and Marxism-Leninism, with the pupils and contemporaries; between the circumstances of his life and the present, and so on.

Anti-sabotage methods and forms are very diverse, in the form of "get it", slander, obscenity, no culture, ... through the "secret stories", story writing, newspaper writing, make video discs, flyers, etc. then publish, publish abroad and surreptitiously back home. In particular, they collude with Vietnamese television and radio stations that have anti-communist extremist ideals abroad (BBC, VOA, RFA), use the internet, social networks such as facebook, youtube, ... to sabotage. These activities are increasingly systematic, with dense frequency and are protected, sponsored, helped by international reactionary forces and seriously violated Vietnamese law.

2. Failure of conspiracy and sabotage tactics of hostile forces

Struggling to defeat conspiracy and tricks in order to bring down Ho Chi Minh idol has an urgent meaning and needs comprehensive and synchronous content and solutions; In particular, focus on some basic issues as follows:

Firstly, promoting propaganda, education, raising awareness of cadres, party members and people about Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality and style is a fundamental and decisive matter to quality. protect, fight and defeat all intrigues and tricks of hostile forces. Accordingly, it is necessary to focus on clarifying Ho Chi Minh from a true patriot, a revolutionary, through practical activities that have absorbed and actively propagated Marxism-Leninism into the patriotic movement. Vietnamese workers movement; is the organizer of the establishment and training of the Vietnamese Communist Party. Under his direct guidance, the Party raised the flag of national independence and socialism, leading our people to achieve great victories. This proves that Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality and style have been deeply embedded in the Vietnamese revolutionary movement, creating a foundation to create a new era of the Vietnamese nation - the Ho Chi Minh era.

Today, before the fierce resistance of the hostile forces, it is necessary to continue to make Ho Chi Minh's thought, morality and style become a political base - the main spirit of the commune. festival. Therefore, there should be appropriate forms of propaganda and education. The implementation process must be persistent and continuous, promoting the strength of the entire political system and cultural institution from the central to local levels and grassroots levels; Closely combine education, regular communication with thematic education, thematic, models, specific and practical ways, suitable to each subject. Taking the example of the leading and key officials at all levels through specific and daily actions to attract people to participate. Promote the development of an advanced culture imbued with national identity, practice democracy, ensure people's livelihood, build a healthy social environment, and create firm resistance among the people. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen propaganda and education about the conspiracy, content, methods and tricks against Ho Chi Minh's thoughts of hostile forces; actively equip people with prevention. Innovating and diversifying forms of external propagation so that Vietnamese abroad and the people of the world are well aware of Ho Chi Minh's greatness, through training of Vietnamese studies at home and abroad; Through buildings, memorials, streets, schools, monuments, ... about Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam and the world so that international organizations and people around the world can better understand Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh. Minh.

Secondly, improve the quality of research, develop ideology, morality and Ho Chi Minh style. Ho Chi Minh's thought is a comprehensive and profound system of views on the basic issues of the Vietnamese revolution, a result of the creative application and development of Marxism-Leninism in conditions. specifically of our country, inheriting and developing the fine traditional values ​​of the nation, acquiring the quintessence of human culture, etc. Therefore, continuing to research and build sufficient, sure and correct information and moral resources on Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality and style is a fundamental issue in the work of ideology and reasoning. of the Party and State. Doing well this problem, not only helps us get the right information about Ho Chi Minh's thought, morality, style, but also eliminates false and reactionary information. Failure to do this task will directly, or indirectly, affect the quality of the said struggle; even, become an excuse for misrepresentation about Ho Chi Minh have the opportunity to "bloom". Therefore, it is necessary to continue researching and developing comprehensively and synchronously Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality and style throughout the Party and in society.

Third, constantly supplement and develop Ho Chi Minh's thought to meet the requirements of building the Party and country in a new situation. Along with research to clarify the revolution and science of Ho Chi Minh's ideology, morality, and style, it is necessary to supplement, develop, make his thoughts have strong vitality in reality, become dynamic. promoting the political, economic, cultural, social, national defense and security life of the country and every Vietnamese people. Our Party has applied Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh thought to devise guidelines and methods to lead the people to successfully implement the cause of national liberation, national reunification, construction and protect the country. Therefore, the vitality of Ho Chi Minh's thought, morality and style is in the Party's lines, guidelines, policies and laws of the State and in the minds of every Vietnamese people. To build our Party "ethical and civilized", each cadre and party member is "both pink and specialized", truly a leader and a loyal servant of the people; able to set the right guidelines and policies, leading the State and society to achieve the goal: "rich people, strong country, democracy, justice and civilization" is supplemented and developed. Ho Chi Minh Thought. Therefore, all levels need to promote the good implementation of the Central Resolution 4 (12th term) on building and regulating the Party and the 7th Central Resolution (XII term) on building a contingent of officials, especially senior officials. strategy to meet mission requirements; do well the research, practical review, theoretical development, make Ho Chi Minh thought have a strong vitality in social life, meet the requirements of building and defending the Fatherland. In the process, it is necessary to study and clarify the model and path to socialism in Vietnam; the true value of the principles and points that C. Marx, Ph. Antenna, V.I. Lenin, Ho Chi Minh generalized; supplementing and enriching problems that they did not have conditions to develop at the moment, etc. Thereby, providing scientific arguments for the struggle, criticizing the views and ideas distorted about Ho Chi Minh.

Fourthly, provide timely and effective management of information sources. All levels should take the initiative in providing full and timely official information to the people, resolutely not to be passive, go behind, and contribute to eliminating all misrepresentation and distortion of information. Propaganda, information, communication agencies and party committees and party organizations at all levels should manage and strictly control all information to ensure that all information about Ho Chi Minh to the people is accurate. At the same time, promoting the orientation of public opinion, popularizing laws on protecting State secrets; tighten management, especially in content editing, publishing. Well implement the Statute of spokesperson and provide information to the press. Especially, in the management of cadres and party members, it is necessary to strictly implement the Party's regulations, principles on organization and activities, especially in the disciplining of speech and document management.

Struggling and rejecting misrepresentations about Ho Chi Minh is the sacred sentiment, the political responsibility of the whole Party, the entire people and the whole army, contributing to creating the synergy of society, consensus among the people People, to ensure that the struggle to protect his ideology, morality and style will be won.


Overpopulation: Causes, Effects and Sollutions

                       Nguyễn Nam Hưng

Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of Earth. Overpopulation is caused by number of factors. Reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, depletion of precious resources are few of the causes which results in overpopulation. It is possible for a sparsely populated area to become densely populated if it is not able to sustain life.

When we are talking about overpopulation, we should first understand the causes of it.

1. Causes of Overpopulation

There are many causes of overpopulation. Here are some main causes:

Decline in the Death Rate:

At the root of overpopulation is the difference between the overall birth rate and death rate in populations. If the number of children born each year equals the number of adults that die, then the population will stabilize. Talking about overpopulation shows that while there are many factors that can increase the death rate for short periods of time, the ones that increase the birth rate do so over a long period of time. The discovery of agriculture by our ancestors was one factor that provided them with the ability to sustain their nutrition without hunting. This created the first imbalance between the two rates.

Better Medical Facilities: 

Following this came the industrial revolution. Technological advancement was perhaps the biggest reason why the balance has been permanently disturbed. Science was able to produce better means of producing food, which allowed families to feed more mouths. Medical science made many discoveries thanks to which they were able to defeat a whole range of diseases. Illnesses that had claimed thousands of lives till now were cured because of the invention of vaccines. Combining the increase in food supply with fewer means of mortality tipped the balance and became the starting point of overpopulation.

More Hands to Overcome Poverty: 

However, when talking about overpopulation we should understand that there is a psychological component as well. For thousands of years, a very small part of the population had enough money to live in comfort. The rest faced poverty and would give birth to large families to make up for the high infant mortality rate. Families that have been through poverty, natural disasters or are simply in need of more hands to work are a major factor for overpopulation. As compared to earlier times, most of these extra children survive and consume resources hat are not sufficient in nature.

2. Effects of Overpopulation

     There are a number of factors that contribute to overpopulation. These are the leading causes:

     Firstly, the depletion of natural resources: The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. The first of these is the depletion of resources. The Earth can only produce a limited amount of water and food, which is falling short of the current needs. Most of the environmental damage being seen in the last fifty odd years is because of the growing number of people on the planet. They are cutting down forests, hunting wildlife in a reckless manner, causing pollution and creating a host of problems.

     Secondly, the degradation of environment: With the overuse of coal, oil and natural gas, it has started producing some serious effects on our environment. Rise in the number of vehicles and industries have badly affected the quality of air. Rise in amount of CO2 emissions leads to global warming. Melting of polar ice caps, changing climate patterns, rise in sea level are few of the consequences that we might we have to face due to environment pollution.

     Thirdly, the conflicts and wars: Overpopulation in developing countries puts a major strain on the resources it should be utilizing for development. Conflicts over water are becoming a source of tension between countries, which could result in wars. It causes more diseases to spread and makes them harder to control. Starvation is a huge issue facing the world and the mortality rate for children is being fuelled by it. Poverty is the biggest hallmark we see when talking about overpopulation. All of this will only become worse if solutions are not sought out for the factors affecting our population. We can no longer prevent it, but there are ways to control it.

3. Solutions to Overpopulation

So now we know more about overpopulation and the effects it can have, but what can be done about it? There are a number of proposed solutions:

     - Better Education: One of the first measures is to implement policies reflecting social change. Educating the masses helps them understand the need to have one or two children at the most. Similarly, education plays a vital role in understanding latest technologies like CloudDesktopOnline that are making huge waves in the world of computing. Families that are facing a hard life and choose to have four or five children should be discouraged. Family planning and efficient birth control can help in women making their own reproductive choices. Open dialogue on abortion and voluntary sterilization should be seen when talking about overpopulation.

     - Making People Aware of Family Planning: As population of this world is growing at a rapid pace, raising awareness among people regarding family planning and letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help curb population growth.

     - Tax Benefits or Concessions: Government of various countries might have to come with various policies related to tax exemptions to curb overpopulation. One of them might be to waive of certain part of income tax or lowering rates of income tax for those married couples who have single or two children. As we humans are more inclined towards money, this may produce some positive results.

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